Feb 22, 2019
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Kommentare deaktiviert für eccd.net From their inception, cities have arisen through geographical and social concentrations of a surplus product

eccd.net From their inception, cities have arisen through geographical and social concentrations of a surplus product

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„From their inception, cities have arisen through geographical and social concentrations of a surplus product. Urbanization has always been, therefore, a class phenomenon, since surpluses are extracted from somewhere and from somebody, while the control over their disbursement typically lies in a few  hands.  This  general  situation  persists  under  capitalism,  of  course;  but  since  urbanization depends on the mobilization of a surplus product, an intimate connection emerges between the development of capitalism and urbanization. Capitalists have to produce a surplus product in order to produce surplus value; this in turn must be reinvested in order to generate more surplus value. The result of continued reinvestment is the expansion of surplus production at a compound rate – hence the logistic curves (money, output and population) attached to the history of capital accumulation, paralleled by the growth path of urbanization under capitalism.“ (Harvey 2008: 24)

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